Being a teacher who has spent his or her life explaining the correct use of apostrophe and building up error free sentences, when it comes to the evaluation of students and finding out mistakes regarding the appropriate use of apostrophe it really cross the mind. The use of an apostrophe is learned by the students in the innitial level of their education as they get familiar with the concept of apostrophe being in schools. However the learners tends to learn perfectly about the apostrophe but still the blood gets boiled when they make the mistakes while writing their own content which means incorrect implication.

Placing Apostrophes Is Not A Rocket Science

The use of apostrophe is required in particular circumstances . You get to see many learned adult people making the inappropriate use of an apostrophe in their tweets and posts on social media. The sentences produced by them can confine you literally. The point to ponder is not to concentrate on what they write rather how they make use of an apostrophe is something that should be focused. Here are some ways in which apostrophe is required and those in which it is not.

Apostrophe Showing Possession

Apostrophe show possession as they depict that anything belongs to something or someone and vice versa. That someone is not necessarily to be a human being only. The following examples will help you make this concept clear in your minds.


  1. The cat’s paw.
  2. The man’s hat.
  3. The phone’s ringtone.
  4. John’s book was interesting.

The above examples show the possession in the sense that in the first case a cat is described as to be the owner of a body part that is paw. In the second case a man is defined to own a hat, in the third situation phone which is a non living entity is described as owner of a ringtone. John is the human being who is described to be the possessor of a book. The thing that is common in all of these examples is that they are all nouns, John is a proper noun since it is a name of a person the others like cat, man and phone are common nouns. Another common feature is that all of these entities own another noun like paw, hat, ringtone and book. To depict possession ‘s is applied after the last alphabet of the owner.

Students often gets confused when they come across such situations in which they have to apply apostrophe with the names ending already with ‘s’. In such cases they put apostrophe before ‘s’ the alphabet that is a letter already of that person’s name and call it authentic although it is not. These examples mentioned below will lead you to the righr path.


  1. Joss’s car is brand new.
  2. Moss’s trousers are funky.
  3. Fins’s vocabulary is strong.

The similarity in all of these examples is that these all are nouns that are possessors of other nouns and they all are singar nouns. The application lf an apostrophe is much simpler this way the trouble comes when apostrophe is applied with plural nouns. Plural nouns are those that are more in number and there is nothing complicated about it. Lets take a look at some plural sentences stated below.


  1. The workers began to protest.
  2. The girls went out to watch movie.
  3. The cows started gazing.

Till here everything appears to be smooth and easy. But lets just try and show possession through these plural nouns by applying an apostrophe to them.


  1. The workers’s demand was not fulfilled.
  2. The girls’s plan got cancelled.
  3. The cows’s time for gazing got over.

The difference is not much since the words are still plural but now they have become possessive plural nouns. The only difference made is that apostrophe with s is applied after the last letter s of the word. All you need to do for showing possession of plural nouns is that you would add apostrophe with s after the last letter of the word.

There are some plural nouns that does not end with letter s in that case you just apply the apostrophe with s with the last letter of those words but make it correct you need to first identify the plural forms of words that do not end with s.


These examples provided underneath will give you a more clear understanding of such cases.

  1. The women’s march was questioned.
  2. The men’s opnion were considered.

There are not much cases as such but in these circumstances you need to know the process of making these nouns plurals prior to the application of an apostrophe like the singular term for women is woman you make it plural by removing ‘e’ and adding ‘a’ instead of it. Hope you would have got concepts about using an apostrophe but there is more information related to its uses.


Contractions are those words are that are made short after combining two words together. In the creation of contractions an apostrophe play the role of depicting the missing letters. An apostrophe is applied to highlight the shortened or ommited letters.


  1. Do not becomes don’t (apostrophe is applied instead of letter ‘o’)
  2. Could not becomes couldn’t (apostrophe is applied to depict the missing letter ‘o’)
  3. She will becomes she’ll (apostrophe is applied with the missing letters ‘w’ and ‘i’)
  4. He would becomes he’d (apostrophe is applied instead of the missing letters ‘w’, ‘o’, ‘u’ and ‘l’)

You must have seen that this is not the case always that apostrophe would be placed after the last letter but when there are words like will and have the apostrophe can be placed in between the word also. Like might have become might've.

What the ???

One of the major complications one face while the use of an apostrophe is to determine when and why to use its and it’s. This factor confuses even the well learned people who consider themselves as intelligents but when it comes to the use of either its or it’s people begin to scratch their heads to find the right answer. But after understanding the appropriate rules you would also get to know the authentic use.

It’s is use when you have to use it is or it has and been is written when you have to write it has. The following examples given below will explain further.

  1. It’ cold outside.
  2. It’s been raining since yesterday.
  3. It’s good to see this.

Its is simply written when you are just writing it casually and showing possession instead.


  1. The cat licked its paw.
  2. The bird flapped its wings.

It is confusing as the question that rises here that why don’t we write it’s to show possession but this is the appropriate way that it’s is only written when there is it is or it has. Language has variations and no one can make rules and there is always a transition you would see in language and its rules. But somehow you need to emphasize on the rules to make it sound appropriate.