People often get confused about where to use affect and where to use effect however there is nothing that would make you affect your self-esteem with this effect of confusion. It is a facile task to learn these words. In speaking you can get a long way with these words since they are homophones (words having the same sound) so you would not be focused on what term to use in which situation.

 But when it comes to writing your spellings would always be marked incorrect if you do not use the right word in the right context. Commonly, the word affectively is used as a verb and the word 'effect' is used as a noun but either of them can be a grammatical form. There is no need to worry because this article will clear all your confusions.


The question that arises is that either 'affect' is a noun or a verb? Well, the answer is that it can be used as both but as per its definition 'affect' means “to change” or “to follow up on”.


The following examples will help you have a better understanding of this word and its use:

  1. Drugs affect your ability to do anything.
  2. Alcohol and smoking affect health.
  3. Anna’s new hobby is affecting her studies.

In the sentences stated above, affect has been used to portray negative changes which are not always correct. Now give a reading to these mentioned below:

  1. Sleeping early affects your health.
  2. Books can affect your thinking.
  3. My sister’s new habit is affecting her academic performance.

In these sentences affect is used as a neutral verb as you do not get to know either sleeping early has negative or positive affects this only depends upon the background of the sentence or the context the word is being used in.

As many people know that drug affects your health but if you want to clarify it further you would be using a specific verb than 'affect'. There is an interesting fact about memorizing the difference between ‘affect’ and ‘effect’ is that 'affect' means to ‘alter’ or to ‘act’ and all of these words begin with the alphabet A.


In some cases, you would come across the definitions and meaning of 'affect' that depicts as a verb and you will analyze it as a verb. Below are some definitions mentioned that defines 'affect' as a verb:

  1. To simulate.
  2. To prepare/ fertilize.
  3. To pertain to.
  4. To continue.

You do not need to focus on these definitions as they are not commonly used rather you must keep in mind the definition that has been discussed first.


The question that might be shaking your mind that how can it be a noun when it is a verb? Right? But it is not something to get startled about it as you would not be confusing this 'affect' with effect. 'Affect' is different in pronunciation than the one which is a verb form. The noun form of 'affect' has its stress to be put on its first alphabet ‘A’. The word also a different meaning as it is used in the context of a medical and psychological condition. This noun form of affect means the symbol of an emotional condition.


The psychologist tested the 'affect' of the patient by showing him his childhood pictures.


'Effect' has the same case with 'affect' because it can also be used in both forms a noun and as a verb. But don't worry we will make this ambiguity clear for you.


The following examples stated below will make your confusion clear about the word effect.

  1. Drugs has an effect on your ability to do anything.
  2. Both alcohol and smoking have an effect on your health.
  3. Anna’s new hobby is having an effect on her studies.


Now after these examples you might be able to identify that both of these words affect and effect are two sides of the same picture. Moreover, you also acknowledge that affecting anything produces an effect. You might be wondering that adding an effect to these sentences has expanded them pointlessly. Choosing the right verbs is the symbol of powerful writing which means that theoretically using 'affect' is more preferable. Anyhow all of these sentences are correct.


There are some more cases in which you can use effect:

  1. This medicine has many side effects .
  2. You must note down the causes and effects of the seminar.
  3. Smoking has negative effects on the lungs.

Effect means to end or refers to an event so it makes it easier to memorize its difference with 'affect' since ‘effect’, ‘end’ and ‘event’ all starts with the alphabet ‘E’.


'Effect' is also defined as a verb that makes the situation complicated. Other definitions describe 'effect' as a noun but that does not make it get confused with 'affect'. Because effect means to make something exist or to create or cause something. However, affect means to follow upon or to change.


Some of these examples will make the concept even more clear in your mind

  1. A lasting fix may be effected by needle therapy.


  • To affect means to change, impact or convert something into another thing.
  • 'Effect' is the product, creation or a consequence of something.

By now you might have got a clear understanding of both 'affect' and effect along with their uses. So go ahead and use them confidently!